quinta-feira, 28 de dezembro de 2017

MAPAS NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC

Lista dos Mapas publicados pela revista National Geographic

  

Figura 1 – Detalhe do mapa intitulado “Bible Lands and the Cradle of WesternCivilization” publicado pela National Geographic Society, em dezembro de 1946. Podemos ver a Palestina (na época sob mandato britânico, antes da criação de Israel), tendo como capital, Jerusalém e a Trans-Jordânia (atual Jordânia), ainda com os contornos indefinidos.

A National Geographic é a revista da National Geographic Society que vem sendo publicada mensalmente desde 1888 até o presente. Além da revista, são publicados, esporadicamente, suplementos e mapas adicionais. Em algumas ocasiões foram realizadas edições especiais.
Atualmente, a revista é publicada em 33 idiomas. A edição brasileira teve início em maio de 2000.
Aqui estão relacionados os mapas publicados desde 1888 a 2016, da publicação em inglês. A lista, no entanto, não é exaustiva. Esta lista foi elaborada a partir das informações de Robert Johnston e de sites de vendas e da observação dos mapas.
O primeiro mapa foi publicado em outubro de 1889, intitulado “North Carolina-Tennesse: Asheville Sheet”. O primeiro mapa da America do Sul foi publicado em novembro de 1921 e o primeiro mapa Mundi em dezembro de 1922.
Obs.: Boa parte dos mapas esta disponível on line, clique para visualizar.

Explanation of columns:
·  Type of map-codes are
  • A = astronomy-related (sky chart or map of Moon or Mars)
  • C = cultural
  • E = environmental
  • G = geologic
  • H = historical
  • P = physical
  • S = standard political
  • SR = standard road map
  • T = topographic
  • X = unclassified
  • * = pictorial (not a map)
  • some are double coded from above codes
·  Scale: given as inverse (e.g. 1,000,000 for 1:1,000,000); cited scale is generally for the smallest scale map or main map for sheets with multiple maps (particularly front-and-back maps).
·  Series: several series are coded as follows (with numbers indicating place in sequence):
  • AP = Atlas Plate
  • CU = Close-Up: USA
  • CUC = Close-Up: Canada
  • MA = Making of America
  • SP = Special Places of the World
  • MC = Making of Canada
  • GP = Great Peoples
  • MM = Millennium in Maps
Some caveats:
  • This list is compiled from several incomplete sources; corrections are welcome.
  • In some cases, classification of type of map is my best guess without having examined the map.
  • A few maps do not state scale, in which case an estimate is given.
Type
Year
Month
Scale (1 to...)
Map Title
Series
P
1889
10


S
1891
5
12,700,000

H
1892
2


P
1892
3
150,000

S
1892
3
11,000,000

H
1893
4


S
1896
2
6,000,000

S
1896
3
100,000,000

P
1898
4
3,600,000

S
1899
6
200,000

P
1899
11
1,000,000

S
1899
12
1,200,000

S
1900
1
26,000,000

S
1900
9
1,100,000

S
1902
1
800,000

S
1903
2
12,000,000

P
1904
1
2,500,000

S
1904
3
2,500,000

P
1904
5
2,500,000

S
1905
8
2,500,000

P
1905
10
100,000

S
1906
10
2,090,000

S
1907
7
13,000,000

S
1909
3
17,000,000

P
1911
5
5,000,000

S
1912
1
10,000,000

*
1912
2


S
1912
10
10,000,000

S
1914
2
5,000,000

P
1914
5
5,000,000

S
1914
8
5,900,000

S
1915
7
5,400,000

*
1916
3

Lhasa, Tibet

*
1916
5

Greatest achievement of ancient man in America

P
1916
7
4,300,000

*
1918
2

Awe-inspiring spectacle of the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes

S
1918
5
458,124

HC
1918
12
10,000,000

*
1921
1

Argosy of Geography

S
1921
2
5,400,000

S
1921
5
14,000,000

S
1921
10
8,500,000

S
1921
12
22,375,000

P
1922
2
5,500,000

S
1922
10
12,000,000

S
1922
12
39,600,000

*
1923
2

Great Wall of China

P
1923
4
5,250,000

*
1923
9

Peasant home in Corsica

P
1924
5
10,000,000

P
1925
11
14,673,400

*
1926
5

Boyhood of Sir Walter Raleigh

P
1926
9
2,000,000

P
1927
2
900,000

*
1927
11

Vasco Da Gama at the Court of the Zamorin of Calicut

*
1928
3

Discoverer

*
1928
5

Commander Byrd at the North Pole

*
1928
7

Caravels of Columbus

*
1928
9

Fate directs the faltering Footsteps of Columbus

H
1928
11
60,000,000

H
1929
1
60,000,000

S
1929
12
6,000,000

S
1930
1
2,700,000

S
1930
4
1,750,000

S
1931
5
1,500,000

H
1932
1
2,500,000

S
1932
10
16,000,000

S
1932
12
43,000,000

S
1933
5
5,195,520

*
1933
11

Aerial view of New York

S
1933
12
15,000,000

S
1934
12
5,702,400

S
1935
6
11,721,600

S
1935
12
23,500,000

*
1936
5

Photo from Explorer II

S
1936
6
5,892,480

S
1936
12
35,000,000

S
1937
6
1,622,000

P
1937
7
100,000

S
1937
12
8,500,000

S
1938
4
6,000,000

S
1938
7
633,600

S
1938
12
3,000,000

S
1939
4
505,000

S
1939
7
20,000,000

S
1939
10
5,000,000

S
1939
12
5,702,400

S
1940
3
2,217,600

S
1940
5
6,000,000

S
1940
6
2,500,000

S
1940
12
5,195,520

S
1941
3
20,000,000

S
1941
6
2,500,000

S
1941
9
20,000,000

S
1941
12
35,000,000

S
1942
2
35,000,000

S
1942
5
12,000,000

P
1942
7
15,000,000

S
1942
10
8,500,000

S
1942
12
17,500,000

S
1943
2
11,721,600

S
1943
4
40,000,000

S
1943
6
6,000,000

S
1943
9
27,500,000

S
1943
12
40,000,000

S
1944
4
8,000,000

S
1944
7
2,000,000

S
1944
10
8,000,000

S
1944
12
9,000,000

S
1945
3
3,000,000

S
1945
6
7,000,000

S
1945
9
1,750,000

S
1945
12
3,000,000

S
1946
2
40,000,000

S
1946
4
6,000,000

S
1946
7
5,000,000

S
1946
12
4,000,000

S
1947
2
2,500,000

S
1947
6
8,000,000

S
1947
10
6,000,000

S
1947
12
2,500,000

S
1948
3
6,000,000

S
1948
6
2,500,000

S
1948
9
63,360

S
1948
12
2,500,000

S
1949
4
1,650,000

S
1949
6
7,500,000

S
1949
10
14,000,000

S
1949
12
2,750,000

S
1950
3
12,000,000

S
1950
6
2,500,000

S
1950
10
8,000,000

S
1950
12
2,500,000

S
1951
3
15,000,000

S
1951
6
5,000,000

S
1951
9
2,500,000

S
1951
12
40,000,000

*
1952
1

Adoration of the Magi

S
1952
3
11,000,000

S
1952
6
7,500,000

S
1952
9
7,500,000

S
1952
12
27,500,000

S
1953
3
3,500,000

SH
1953
6
5,000,000

S
1953
10
3,500,000

S
1953
12
2,027,520

S
1954
3
3,500,000

P
1954
6
1,300,000

S
1954
8
2,500,000

S
1954
12
7,500,000

S
1955
3
5,000,000

S
1955
6
760,320

S
1955
9
6,000,000

S
1955
12
20,000,000

S
1956
4
580,000

S
1956
6
3,000,000

S
1956
9
4,561,920

S
1956
12
2,851,200

S
1957
3
39,283,200

S
1957
6
6,000,000

S
1957
9
7,000,000

*
1957
11

Mayflower II

A
1957
12


S
1958
1
2,851,200
AP 8
S
1958
3
6,652,800
AP 28
S
1958
5
7,603,200
AP 13
S
1958
7
1,837,440
AP 31
S
1958
9
2,154,240
AP 38
S
1958
11
2,851,200
AP 9
S
1958
12
1,647,360
AP 40
S
1959
1
4,118,400
AP 47
S
1959
4
2,851,200
AP 6
S
1959
6
1,520,640
AP 35
S
1959
7
4,118,400
AP 18
S
1959
9
6,336,000
AP 45
S
1959
11
2,851,200
AP 12
S
1959
12
21,225,600
AP 44
S
1960
2
12,165,120
AP 25
S
1960
4
2,851,200
AP 11
S
1960
6
2,154,240
AP 32
S
1960
7
5,068,800
AP 15
S
1960
9
15,840,000
AP 54
S
1960
11
63,360,000
AP 2
S
1960
12
3,801,600
AP 51
S
1961
2
2,851,200
AP 10
H
1961
4
2,851,200
AP 14
S
1961
5
8,236,800
AP 49
S
1961
7
7,603,200
AP 5
S
1961
10
4,942,080
AP 22
S
1961
11
2,154,240
AP 37
S
1961
12
8,870,400
AP 19
S
1962
2
2,154,240
AP 39
S
1962
4
36,432,000
AP 61
S
1962
6
9,504,000
AP 30
S
1962
8
1,013,760
AP 7
S
1962
9
7,286,400
AP 27
S
1962
11
7,920,000
AP 57
S
1962
12
4,942,080
AP 23
S
1963
2
9,820,800
AP 65
S
1963
4
3,041,280
AP 34
S
1963
5
8,236,800
AP 48
S
1963
7
2,851,200
AP 24
S
1963
9
6,969,600
AP 59
S
1963
10
7,920,000
AP 56
S
1963
12
506,880
AP 52
S
1964
2
6,652,800
AP 26
S
1964
4
15,206,400
AP 17
H
1964
5
1,850,000

S
1964
7
133,056
AP 15
S
1964
11
6,652,800
AP 50
S
1964
12
76,032
AP 21
S
1965
1
4,707,648

S
1965
2
39,283,200

S
1965
3
2,154,240
AP 33
S
1965
5
1,330,560
AP 58
S
1965
9
1,330,560
AP 36
S
1965
11
20,021,760
AP 3
S
1966
5
1,647,360
AP 68/69
S
1966
7
5,132,160

S
1966
8
7,920,000
AP 55
S
1966
9
5,068,800
AP 21
S
1967
2
1,900,800

S
1967
3
11,404,800
AP 46
S
1967
5
2,851,200
AP 20
P
1967
10
19,000,000

S
1967
12
2,851,200

S
1968
2
4,561,920

SP
1968
6
30,412,800
AP 62
H
1968
10
2,250,000

S
1968
12
6,000,000

A
1969
2
11,620,000

S
1969
6
6,488,064

SP
1969
10
36,432,000

S
1970
1
4,815,360

S
1970
6
1,900,800

A
1970
8


S
1970
12
39,283,200

SC
1971
3
13,812,480

P
1971
6
1,900,800

P
1971
10
10,011,000

HC
1971
12
14,572,800

S
1972
3
7,460,000

PC
1972
7
7,096,000

S
1972
10
10,700,000

H
1972
12
10,610,000

A
1973
2
31,770,000

SR
1973
3
2,000,000
CU 1
S
1973
5
3,803,000

SR
1973
8
1,570,000
CU 6
*
1973
9


SR
1973
11
1,331,000
CU 9
SR
1974
3
2,350,000
Close-Up: U.S.A.: North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri
CU 4
S
1974
4
1,675,000

SR
1974
6
1,700,000
CU 2
SR
1974
10
2,350,000
CU 5
SH
1974
12
18,000,000

SR
1975
3
1,050,000
CU 13
SR
1975
6
3,295,000
CU 14
SR
1975
7
614,600
Close-Up: U.S.A.: New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut
CU 12
SR
1975
10
1,780,000
CU 8
SP
1975
11
48,140,000

SC
1976
2
10,140,000

SR
1976
4
675,000
CU 15
SP
1976
7
4,560,000

SR
1976
10
886,000
CU 10
E
1976
12
58,090,000

SR
1977
2
1,267,000
CU 7
SH
1977
5
6,488,000

X
1977
7
8,250,000

SR
1977
10
2,124,000
CU 3
H
1977
12
11,400,000

SR
1978
1
1,215,000
CU 11
SR
1978
4
3,500,000
CUC 1
T
1978
7
24,000

S
1978
9
6,700,000

SR
1978
12
3,000,000
CUC 2
S
1979
2
6,394,000

SR
1979
5
2,600,000
CUC 3
S
1979
6
39,000,000
World

S
1979
8
20,000,000

SH
1979
10
1,687,000

S
1980
1
39,370,000
World

S
1980
2
14,400,000

SR
1980
5
3,700,000
CUC 4
SC
1980
7
6,000,000

H
1980
9
12,000,000

SH
1980
12
5,148,000

S
1981
2
4,500,000

SH
1981
4
1,071,000

*
1981
7


SP
1981
12
39,370,000

H
1982
3
22,500,000

*
1982
4


S
1982
9
4,560,000

H
1982
11
2,167,000
MA 1
H
1982
12
4,730,000

SH
1983
2
8,721,000

H
1983
3
1,318,000
MA 2
*
1983
6

Journey into the Universe through Space and Time

H
1983
8
2,566,000
MA 3
H
1983
11
865,100
MA 4
SH
1983
12
5,640,000

H
1984
1
4,295,000
MA 5
H
1984
4
1,871,000
MA 6
SH
1984
6
2,982,000

H
1984
8
2,000,000
MA 7
SC
1984
10
1,850,000

SC
1984
12
6,522,000

H
1985
2
1,735,000
MA 8
P
1985
4
1,057,000

G
1985
8
78,890,000

H
1985
9
2,301,000
MA 9
P
1985
11
6,929,000

H
1985
12
1,551,000
MA 10
H
1986
3
2,736,000
MA 11
H
1986
4
2,534,000

SH
1986
7
2,844,000

H
1986
8
2,216,000
MA 12
H
1986
11
17,500,000

H
1986
12
2,440,000
MA 13
H
1987
2
1,056,000
MA 14
PE
1987
4
9,469,000

H
1987
7
2,309,000
MA 15
SH
1987
9
4,560,000

H
1987
11
4,395,000
MA 16
SP
1988
2
8,044,000

H
1988
6
1,260,000
MA 17
T
1988
11
50,000

SE
1988
12
30,840,000

S
1989
2
413,500
SP 1
*
1989
6


SH
1989
7
2,280,000

SH
1989
10
1,609,000

S
1989
11
23,000,000

SH
1989
12
405,500
SP 2
P
1990
1
31,860,000

SH
1990
3
10,140,000

*
1990
8


SC
1990
9
28,050
SP 3
SE
1990
12
14,220,000

SH
1991
2
5,877,000

SH
1991
3
2,362,000
MC 1
SH
1991
7
7,819,000

SP
1991
9
1,581,000

H
1991
10
7,747,000

H
1991
12
12,470,000

H
1992
2
15,040,000
Spain in the Americas

SH
1992
4
2,914,000
MC 2
P
1992
6
37,870,000
World Ocean Floors: Pacific Ocean/Indian Ocean

SP
1992
8
11,890,000

SC
1992
10
2,382,000

P
1992
12
8,400,000

E
1993
1
19,112,000

SC
1993
3
10,140,000

S
1993
7
2,208,000

SH
1993
10
2,980,000
MC 3
SE
1993
11
4,560,000

SP
1994
2
33,120,000

S
1994
5
3,805,000

SH
1994
7
1,000,000

SC
1994
9
4,358,000

SH
1994
12
3,017,000
MC 4
SH
1995
1
850,000

SH
1995
2
1,765,000

G
1995
4
48,000,000

SP
1995
7
2,847,000

SP
1995
9
850,000

*
1995
12

Star Birth in the Orion Nebula

SC
1996
2
7,080,000

SH
1996
4
84,840

SH
1996
6
2,667,000
MC 5
SP
1996
10
6,766,000

H
1996
12
18,500,000
GP 1
C
1997
2
35,660,000

SC
1997
5
7,345,000

H
1997
7
8,351,000
GP 2
SH
1997
9
6,186,000
MC 6
H
1997
12
2,400,000
GP 3
H
1998
2
54,109,440
Millennium in Maps: Exploration
MM 1
PE
1998
5
54,100,000
Millennium in Maps: Physical Earth
MM 2
E
1998
7
16,000,000
Natural Hazards of North America

C
1998
10
54,109,440
Millennium in Maps: Population
MM 3
SC
1998
12
2,074,000

E
1999
2
54,109,440
Millennium in Maps: Biodiversity
MM 5
SP
1999
5
7,100,000

C
1999
8
54,109,440
Millennium in Maps: Cultures
MM 4
A
1999
10

Millennium in Maps: Milky Way
MM 6
H
1999
12

Greeks
GP 4
SH
2000
2
2,850,000
Balkans/Plight of the Refugees


2000
6
1,829,000
Traveler's Map of Britain and Ireland

SE
2000
7
6,766,055

H
2000
9
4,499,000
Western Migration/Pathfinders

SE
2000
12
22,000,000
Dawn of Humans: Peopling of the Americas/Americas

A
2001
2
27,400,000
Mars Revealed

H
2001
4
1,775,000
Egyptians
GP 5
H
2001
7
57,000,000
Sunken Treasures

SE
2001
9
17,531,000
Africa's Natural Realms

SC
2001
12
3,363,300
Afghanistan: Land in Crisis/Afghanistan and Pakistan

PE
2002
2
9,200,000

H
2002
5
5,450,000
Incas
GP 6
T
2002
6
50,000
Quest for Everest

E
2002
9
49,611,000
World Transformed/Thirsty Planet

SP
2002
10
2,281,000

S
2003
3
3,737,000

P
2003
5
36,000

SH
2003
7
1,560,000

*
2003
12

100 Years of Flight

E
2004
4
36,800,000
Bird Migration in the Eastern/Western Hemispheres

*
2004
7

New Views of Our Sun

HC
2004
9
8,427,000

S
2004
11
46,360,000

H
2005
4
2,950,000

S
2005
6
9,377,000
Europe/Europe in Transition

PE
2005
9
14,636,000
Africa, a Storied Landscape

*
2005
12

Sea Monsters

E
2006
4
55,630,000

*
2006
6

Soccer Unites the World

SP
2006
10
5,200,000
United States

*
2006
12

Solar System

H
2007
5
4,650,000
A World Transformed/Jamestown

SP
2007
8
4,587,000
Mexico and Central America/The Dividing Link

E
2007
10
83,000,000
Changing Climate/Greenhouse Earth

*
2007
12

Planet of the Dinosaurs

P
2008
5
8,250,000

P
2008
8
3,254,000
Iran/The Empire of Persia

P
2008
12
1,530,000
Crucible of History/Jerusalem's Holy Ground

P
2009
4
10,505,000
Arctic Ocean: The Unexpected Frontier

P
2009
7
4,300,000
Southeast Asia/Khmer Rouge

E
2010
4
40,000,000
The World's Fresh Water

P
2010
10
2,643,000
Gulf of Mexico/Layers of Life

P
2010
11
51,800,000
World/Great Migrations

C
2011
3
80,000,000
Face of Seven Billion/World of Seven Billion

P
2011
11
4,222,000

H
2012
5
445,000
1863: Turning Point of the Civil War/From Civil War to Civil Rights

P
2012
9
49,196,000

P
2015
11
8,500,000

P
2016
5
850,000
In the Hot Zone: Yellowstone Below the Surface/The Pulse of the Park: Yellowstone Elk Migrations

P
2016
6
2,577,320

P
2016
11
28,249,000
Mars/Colonizing Mars

P
2016
12
7,000,000
Saving Unique Habitats/Dreaming Green




Figura 2 – Detalhe do Mapa intitulado “The Far East”, publicado pela National Geographic Society, em setembro de 1952. Podemos ver nele detalhes interessantes da época, como a Nova Guiné Holandesa, na parte oriental da ilha da Nova Guiné, hoje Nova Guiné Ocidental, que comporta duas províncias, a Papua Ocidental e a Papua, que fazem parte da Indonésia. No mesmo mapa, temos ainda o Timor Português (hoje Timor-Leste) e o enclave de Ocussi-Ambemo.